Welcome to your newest ICCRC Exam Prep lesson on Orphaned Family Member Sponsorship!

Estimated study time: 2 hours

Important links

Sponsorship of adopted children and other relatives — The sponsor’s guide (IMM 5196)


OP 3 Section 5.20


OP 2 Section 6 Definitions


IP 2 Section 5.4


Determine your eligibility – Sponsor your eligible relatives


Sponsor your relatives


IRPA/R R4 R117(1)(f) R130 R133 


In the news

From CBC News: Orphaned African children stuck in immigration limbo for 2 years, says Calgary aunt


From CBC News: International adoptions decline dramatically in Canada, Global trend is to encourage domestic adoptions to keep kids in their countries of origin.



Important cases

Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v. Vonn is a case from 2006, but is still relevant in terms of your ICCRC studies since it gives a great outline of the level of proof required in order to sponsor an orphaned relative. https://decisions.fct-cf.gc.ca/fc-cf/decisions/en/item/51794/index.do?r=AAAAAQAGb3JwaGFuAQ

Ly v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) is also an interesting case that will help you gain a better understanding of both the ‘Lonely’ Family Member and Orphaned Relative areas of Family Immigration. https://decisions.fct-cf.gc.ca/fc-cf/decisions/en/item/37987/index.do?r=AAAAAQAGb3JwaGFuAQ

Here is a decision that shows that if a person was raised alone by a mother who passed away, never knew who her father was, was never in contact with him and his name does not exist in any legal documents, such as a birth certificate, the person can be sponsored as an orphan, regardless of if this ‘father’ is still alive. https://decisions.fct-cf.gc.ca/fc-cf/decisions/en/item/109227/index.do?r=AAAAAQAJMTE3KDEpKGYpAQ

Here is a great decision to give you some insight into the standard of proof required to demonstrate the relationship between an uncle and his orphaned nephews and nieces: https://decisions.fct-cf.gc.ca/fc-cf/decisions/en/item/42861/index.do?r=AAAAAQAJMTE3KDEpKGYpAQ